The transition towards open access has been a lengthy process thus far, resulting in a lack of clarity for all parties involved and increased costs. Policies are numerous and differ between organisations and countries. There is no clear pan-European target. Besides, there is little comparable information on the status and development of open access in the various countries, and on the costs of access to academic publications. Although some information is already being collected and exchanged at various levels, the overall approach is fragmented and data cannot always be compared.
- Reinforce and align open access strategies and policies at the national level and facilitate their coordination among all Member States.
- Unify and accelerate initiatives by stakeholders, national authorities and the European Commission by exchanging information at the European level, for example about the targets set in the various Member States and how those targets should be achieved.
- Formulate a clear pan-European target: from 2020 all new publications are available through open access from the date of publication.
- Implement monitoring and stocktaking at regular intervals about the progress made by all parties: the Commission, the Member States and stakeholders.
- National authorities and the European Commission: agree on a 100% target for 2020 and regular monitoring and stocktaking. Establish standards, systems and services for monitoring and reporting, and monitor progress through the European Research Area (ERA) Monitoring Mechanism (EMM) and through the National Points of Reference on Open Access, and regularly refine plans to achieve these targets based on information from monitoring.
- Research funders and Research Performing Organisations: develop open access plans, including the provision of necessary infrastructures and services, share expertise and use harmonised data, e.g. by setting up and coordinating platforms for monitoring and networks of expertise.
Expected positive effects
- A clear target combined with increased momentum and critical mass, leading to real change;
- More clarity for researchers on how to meet open access requirements;
- Better insight into available open access initiatives and developments.
- Continual improvement and refinement of implementation plans